This paper addresses a wide range of questions in the broad area of planning and financing for gender equality in post-conflict settings. It presents findings from several studies conducted by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM, part of UN Women) on the inclusion of women’s needs and issues in post-conflict planning frameworks, such as Multi-Donor Trust Funds (MDTFs), Joint Programmes (JPs), Post-conflict Needs Assessments (PCNAs), Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) and United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks (UNDAFs). This paper is divided into seven sections: the first justifies and outlines the methodology adopted. Sections 2 to 5 analyze the four typical elements of a planning document. Section 6 summarizes the main findings and explores related issues. The last section recommends methods for improving gender mainstreaming in planning frameworks.