Genre et Prévention des Conflits


Price of Peace Financing for gender equality in post-conflict reconstruction

Crisis increases women’s and men’s economic and social burdens. However, women’s disadvantaged situation, their distinctive
social obligations and responsibilities, and their exposure to gender-based violence and exploitation causes them to disproportionately suffer the harms of crisis and miss out on the benefits of recovery.  

The international community is increasingly recognizing women’s needs and their contributions to long-term recovery, as illustrated by the passage of Security Council Resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 and 1889 (2009). These resolutions affirm conflict’sdifferential  impacts on women and girls, acknowledge the  importance of women’s contributions to sustainable  peace, and recognize the value of their full and equal participation in decision-making processes. Security Council Resolution 1889 emphasizes the need to develop effective financial and institutional arrangements in order to guarantee women’s full and equal participation in peace-building processes. It explicitly encourages the Peacebuilding Commission to “ensure systematic attention to and mobilization of resources for advancing gender equality, and to encourage the participation of women in this process” (OP 14).  

The Security Council  Resolutions emphasize two  issues  in  particular—women’s  participation and addressing gender-based violence. In referring to financial arrangements, Resolution  1889 emphasizes women’s participation. However, the reference to the need to ensure resources “for advancing gender equality” can be given a much wider meaning. It can be interpreted as questioning the extent to which post-conflict reconstruction finance contributes to gender equality in society at large—with equality
encompassing the social, economic and political spheres.

Document (s): 

Sourceboook on Women, Peace and Security: overview of contents

In December 2011 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to three women peacebuilders: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karman, in recognition of their non-violent struggle for women’s rights to full participation in peacebuilding and democratization processes. The Nobel Committee’s citation referred for the first time to UN Security Council resolution 1325 (2000), reiterating the connection between international peace and security, women’s leadership and the prevention of war crimes against women.

UN Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) recognizes that conflict affects women and girls differently from men and boys, and that women must be part of conflict resolution and long-term peacebuilding. For this to happen, a great deal needs to change in conflict prevention and resolution, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding.  And indeed, much has changed since the passage of resolution 1325.  The protection of women and girls from sexual and gender-based violence is recognized to be a priority challenge for humanitarian and peacekeeping practice. Women’s peace coalitions have grown in strength and are in some contexts able to put women’s concerns on the agenda of peace talks.

Transitional justice mechanisms are increasingly responding to war crimes against women with more overt attention to the ways conflict affects women and with specific arrangements to protect women witnesses. Post-conflict needs assessments, planning processes and financing frameworks have in some cases acknowledged the need to put women’s participation and concerns at the center of recovery.

Document (s): 

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