Genre et Négociation

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Price of Peace Financing for gender equality in post-conflict reconstruction

Crisis increases women’s and men’s economic and social burdens. However, women’s disadvantaged situation, their distinctive
social obligations and responsibilities, and their exposure to gender-based violence and exploitation causes them to disproportionately suffer the harms of crisis and miss out on the benefits of recovery.  

The international community is increasingly recognizing women’s needs and their contributions to long-term recovery, as illustrated by the passage of Security Council Resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 and 1889 (2009). These resolutions affirm conflict’sdifferential  impacts on women and girls, acknowledge the  importance of women’s contributions to sustainable  peace, and recognize the value of their full and equal participation in decision-making processes. Security Council Resolution 1889 emphasizes the need to develop effective financial and institutional arrangements in order to guarantee women’s full and equal participation in peace-building processes. It explicitly encourages the Peacebuilding Commission to “ensure systematic attention to and mobilization of resources for advancing gender equality, and to encourage the participation of women in this process” (OP 14).  

The Security Council  Resolutions emphasize two  issues  in  particular—women’s  participation and addressing gender-based violence. In referring to financial arrangements, Resolution  1889 emphasizes women’s participation. However, the reference to the need to ensure resources “for advancing gender equality” can be given a much wider meaning. It can be interpreted as questioning the extent to which post-conflict reconstruction finance contributes to gender equality in society at large—with equality
encompassing the social, economic and political spheres.

Document (s): 

Sourceboook on Women, Peace and Security: overview of contents

In December 2011 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to three women peacebuilders: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karman, in recognition of their non-violent struggle for women’s rights to full participation in peacebuilding and democratization processes. The Nobel Committee’s citation referred for the first time to UN Security Council resolution 1325 (2000), reiterating the connection between international peace and security, women’s leadership and the prevention of war crimes against women.

UN Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) recognizes that conflict affects women and girls differently from men and boys, and that women must be part of conflict resolution and long-term peacebuilding. For this to happen, a great deal needs to change in conflict prevention and resolution, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding.  And indeed, much has changed since the passage of resolution 1325.  The protection of women and girls from sexual and gender-based violence is recognized to be a priority challenge for humanitarian and peacekeeping practice. Women’s peace coalitions have grown in strength and are in some contexts able to put women’s concerns on the agenda of peace talks.

Transitional justice mechanisms are increasingly responding to war crimes against women with more overt attention to the ways conflict affects women and with specific arrangements to protect women witnesses. Post-conflict needs assessments, planning processes and financing frameworks have in some cases acknowledged the need to put women’s participation and concerns at the center of recovery.

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First CMI-KAIPTC professional course on “Conflict Analysis and Mediation”

I trust we all went back more equipped to deal with the challenges facing our West Africa, if not our continent, summarised a United Nations political officer who participated in the intensive training course on multi-track mediation and conflict analysis. The course brought together fifteen mid- and senior-level professionals working with mediation and conflict resolution mainly within the region of West Africa but also in the rest of the continent.

The 10-day training course entitled 'Conflict Analysis and Mediation' was piloted between 10 -21 June 2013, at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC) in Accra, Ghana. The objective of the course was to enhance the capacities of professionals engaged in mediation and conflict resolution in West Africa, but also beyond, to utilise conflict analysis and mediation as a tool for conflict prevention, resolution and management. The impact of the training will continue to be monitored.

Mediation and conflict analysis – approaches, strategies and tools

The joint CMI-KAIPTC pilot course brought together participants with various backgrounds in the field of peace and security, including from the military, civil society, government and from international organisations. It shed light on a variety of subjects, ranging from the practical tools of conflict analysis, multi-track approach to mediation and gender issues, to traditional and cultural considerations in mediation. Through thought-provoking sessions, facilitated by trainers with broad practical and academic experience, participants gained knowledge on theoretical frameworks and, most importantly, practical options that can be applied in real-life mediation contexts. Emphasis was also placed on the participants' own experiences.

The training sessions included presentations, interactive debates, simulation exercises and case studies. This comprehensive package helped participants to understand and critically analyse various aspects of mediation and conflict prevention. They learned among others to apply conflict analysis as a tool for generating mediation recommendations; identify linkages between various tracks of mediation and their respective benefits and challenges; consider the gender dimension in mediation; understand the peace and security architecture of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); and reflect on the implications of tradition and culture for contemporary mediation practices. Practical mediation implications were highlighted with different case studies, such as the Ivorian crisis and the conflict in Mali, including discussions with a senior diplomat who had been personally involved in the Ivorian mediation process.

Inspiration and relationship-building

The training was well-received among the participants and it triggered important realisations related to their work in conflict resolution. A strong need to understand and contribute gave rise to both intense debates and fruitful conversations that often continued over coffee. Relationships grew stronger, and have led to a continuous sharing of experiences and learning when participants have returned to their respective work places. At the end of the 10-day course, participants told us that they felt better equipped and would apply their enhanced capacities to respond to the challenges in their jobs to contribute to the prospects for peace and prosperity in West Africa.

For further details, please contact Project Manager Philippe Taflinski ( philippe.taflinski@cmi.fi)

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